Weather and sunlight in Greenland
Greenland has an Arctic climate, but the size of the country causes the weather in Greenland to vary widely. Here, winters can be severely cold and the summers milder than one may think, particularly in areas which are sheltered from the prevailing winds.
In average the temperatures do not exceed 10° C (50° F) in the warmest summer months.
In the southern part of the country and the innermost parts of the long fjords, the temperature can, however, rise to more than 20° C (68° F) in June, July or August. The air is generally very dry in Greenland in relation to many other countries, and because of this low humidity the low temperatures do not feel as cold as you might expect. The low humidity also means that you can see further than you are probably used to.
Examples of temeperature
Qaanaq - North Greenland
In Qaanaaq (Thule), the second most northerly town in the world, located on the north-west coast, at a distance of just 1,300 km (800 mi) from the North Pole, the average temperature goes from -25 °C (-13 °F) in February to 5 °C (41 °F) in July; the coldest record is -43 °C (-45 °F), the highest is 20 °C (68 °F). In return, the area in which this city is located is not very windy. Precipitation amounts to only 120 millimetres (4.7 inches) per year. Sometimes the temperature can drop below freezing even in summer. Here the polar night is long, and it runs from late October to mid-February, although for a few weeks in October and February, when the sun still doesn’t go above the horizon, there’s a glimmer of light around noon; on the other hand, the sun never sets for a very long time, from late April to late August.